Personal pronouns Person Singular Plural First
Exclusive Inclusive 阮†
goarn / gurn
Informal Formal 恁†
(s)he, him, her
- Goar kah'ix`lie
- I like you.
- usually means "we" (not including listener). Can also mean you (singular) in a polite manner. For example, "How are we doing today?" to really mean "How are you doing today?"
- "Lie aix khix tøfui?" (normal)
- A girl asks her boyfriend, "Goarn aix khix tøfui?" (polite). Equivalent to "Lie aix..." but it's more inclusive.
- goarn-taw, goarn-amar
- Gurn is more common in the north
- Goarn is used in the south (Tvafkao and Tailaam)
- However, in Tailaam, goarn is used for males; gurn is used for females
- The inclusive "larn" may be used to express politeness or solidarity, as in the example of a speaker asking a stranger "Where do we live?", but meaning "Where do you live?".
- Speaker asks stranger, "Larn toax ti tøfui?"
- Speaker means, "Lie toax ti tøfui?" in a polite manner.
汝 (singular) you)(
- Thaekhofng peng'iuo, lirn hør!
- Friends from outer space, hello! (see Greetings of the Voyager Golden Record)
- Lirn-taw ti tøfui?
- Where is your home/house?