Personal pronouns

From Taioaan Wiki
(Redirected from Lie)
Jump to: navigation, search

Jinzhefng taixbengsuu ๐Ÿ”Š ๐ŸŽ (ไบบ็จฑไปฃๅ่ฉž; personal pronouns; ref. to Chinese pronouns and ่‡บ็ฃ้–ฉๅ—่ชžๅธธ็”จไปฃๅ่ฉž)

Personal pronouns
Person Singular Plural
First
person
ๆˆ‘
goar ๐Ÿ”Š
I, me
Exclusive Inclusive
้˜ฎโ€ 
goarn ๐Ÿ”Š / gurn ๐Ÿ”Š
we, us
ๅ’ฑโ€ 
larn ๐Ÿ”Š
we, us
Second
person
Informal Formal ๆโ€ 
lirn ๐Ÿ”Š ๐ŸŽ
you
ไฝ โ€ 
lie ๐Ÿ”Š
you
n/a
n/a
n/a
Third
person
ไผŠ
y ๐Ÿ”Š ๐ŸŽ
(s)he, him, her
๐ชœถโ€ 
yn ๐Ÿ”Š ๐ŸŽ
they, them

Goar

goar ๐Ÿ”Š ๐ŸŽ (ๆˆ‘ I/me)

Goar kah'ix`lie ๐Ÿ”Š 
I like you.

Goarn

goarn ๐Ÿ”Š ๐ŸŽ / gurn ๐Ÿ”Š ๐ŸŽ (้˜ฎโ€ ; we (exclusive))

  • usually means "we" (not including listener). Can also mean you (singular) in a polite manner. For example, "How are we doing today?" to really mean "How are you doing today?"
  • "Lie aix khix tรธfui?" (normal)
  • A girl asks her boyfriend, "Goarn aix khix tรธfui?" (polite). Equivalent to "Lie aix..." but it's more inclusive.
  • goarn-taw, goarn-amar
  • Gurn is more common in the north
  • Goarn is used in the south (Tvafkao and Tailaam)
    • However, in Tailaam, goarn is used for males; gurn is used for females

Larn

larn ๐Ÿ”Š ๐ŸŽ (ๅ’ฑโ€ ; we (inclusive))

  • The inclusive "larn" may be used to express politeness or solidarity, as in the example of a speaker asking a stranger "Where do we live?", but meaning "Where do you live?".
    • Speaker asks stranger, "Larn toax ti tรธfui?"
    • Speaker means, "Lie toax ti tรธfui?" in a polite manner.

Lie

lie ๐Ÿ”Š ๐ŸŽ (ๆฑ (singular) you)

Lirn

lirn ๐Ÿ”Š ๐ŸŽ (ๆโ€  (plural) you / (possessive) your)

Thaekhofng peng'iuo, lirn hรธr! ๐Ÿ”Š 
Friends from outer space, hello! (see Greetings of the Voyager Golden Record)
Lirn-taw ti tรธfui? ๐Ÿ”Š 
Where is your home/house?

SK