Harnji 漢字 Chinese characters) si iong laai siar kuynaxciorng hiexntai kab kofzar gybuun ee susiar bunji hexthorng. Hiexntai ee Harngie, Jidgie, Hangie lorng u ioxngtiøh Harnji, kitiofng Hanbuun kannaf zhwn Lamhaan u iong, Pag Tiausiefn ykefng huytiau. 20 seakie cirnzeeng, Oadlambuun iao u laang iong Harnji siar. Legsuo-siong ma bad u kithvaf ee binzok iong Harnji hegciar horng Harnji laai chix siar yn ee gygieen.(
- Han Characters are used to write many modern and old languages. Today they are used in the Chinese languages, Japanese, and Korean. They were used in Vietnamese in the past.
- In most cases, Written Taiwanese uses the Harnji script (as does Mandarin), although there are a number of special characters which are unique to Taiwanese and which are sometimes used in informal writing. Where Han characters are used, they are not always etymological or genetic; the borrowing of similar-sounding or similar-meaning characters is a common practice. (See theaji).
- About 20-25% of typical running texts lack an appropriate sinographic written form (Mair (2010))
- Harnji often have several pronunciations. For example, 老 has one colloquial reading (marked 白 peh) and three literary readings (marked 文 buun). See Bungieen kab peqoe.
- For the readings of a Harnji character, use the MoE's TBSS and TGJT
- You can input Harnji into the "MTL Interface to POJ Dictionary" (part of the MTL Toolbox)
- Kanji are Chinese characters as used for the Japanese language. Kanji that were used as man'yōgana eventually gave rise to hiragana and katakana.
- Ten Harnji commonly used in Mandarin:
|我||goar, gvor||me, I|
|國||kog||kingdom, country, nation|
- Used differently than Mandarin: 烏 (of), 恁 (lirn), 濟† (zøe).
- Taiwanese Compounds: gyn'ar (囡仔), zabor (查某), ølør (呵咾).
Siongkoafn ee buncviw
- Dictionary of Frequently-Used Taiwan Minnan
- Taioaan Banlamgie thuiciexn ioxngji
|Harnji na thak øe bad,|
| By the time you understand Harnji,
you've tied your beard into a knot.